When each person specializes in producing the good in which he or she has a comparative advantage, total production in the economy. (Hint: Calculate the opportunity cost of producing X and Y for each individual.) | When each person specializes in producing the good in which he or she has a comparative advantage, total production in the economy a. falls and producers and consumer both lose. Wheat - 4 bushels/hour. When each person specializes in producing the good in which he or she has a comparative advantage, total production in the economy a. falls. b. stays the same. When each person specializes in producing the good for which he or she has a comparative advantage, each person can gain from trade but total production in the economy is unchanged. Consider the following table which shows how many hours it takes a country to produce one unit of each good: Our experts can answer your tough homework and study questions. If each country allocated half of its labor force to the production of each good before trade and were to then each specialize in their comparative advantage and allocate 75 percent of … The Price of Trade For both parties to gain from trade, the price at which they trade must lie between the two opportunity costs. b. stays the same. Then, each person agreed to specialize in the production to the good in which they have a comparative advantage and trade 260 tacos for 156 burritos. The theory of comparative advantage is attributed to political economist David Ricardo, who wrote the book Principles of Political Economy and Taxation (1817). C) Jimbo has to trade off more than Ned does to produce the good. 20 tacos and 24 burritos and Dina gained 40 tacos and 6 burritos. answer! Become a Study.com member to unlock this Then, each person agreed to specialize in the production of the good in which they have a comparative advantage and trade 3 pounds of meat for 6 pounds of potatoes. The actual price of exchange cannot be determined by our theory since it would depend on each person's negotiating abilities. Suppose Gilligan and Marianne are shipwrecked on... Walter has reached a crossroads in his life. When each person specializes in producing the good for which he/she has comparative advantage, total production in the economy rises. When each person specializes in producing a good at. Which good should each person specialize in to boost overall production in the economy? b. stays the same. d. may fall, rise, or stay the same. This preview shows page 3 - 5 out of 26 pages. d. may fall, rise, or stay the same. Using the principle of comparative advantage, explain why economic theory suggests that countries should specialize and trade with each other ----> Comparative advantage was the economic theory theorized by David Ricardo in the 19th century. (Hint: Calculate the opportunity cost of producing X and Y for each production of good Y, and individual.) Privacy Whatever the reason, if people specialize in the production of what they do best, they will be more productive than if they produce a combination of things, some of which they are good at and some of which they are not. Let's assume that person A is far superior in every line of production and B is less superior. When each person specializes in producing the good in which he or she has a comparative advantage, total production in the economy a. falls. As a result, the farmer gained a. star outlined. In order to achieve gains from trade, a country should produce and trade a good if it a) can produce more of the good than its trading partner b) can produce at a lower opportunity cost than its trading partner c) has lower wages than its trading partner d) has economies of scale Whatever the reason, if people specialize in the production of what they do best, they will be more productive than if they produce a combination of things, some of which they are good at and some of which they are not. Person has absolute advantagein producing a good if, using … When each person specializes in producing the good in which he or she has a comparative advantage, total production in the economy a. falls. © copyright 2003-2020 Study.com. Suppose that Spain and Germany both produce oil... Unit labor requirements per one unit of a good. Sciences, Culinary Arts and Personal c. rises and both consumers and producers gain. Earn Transferable Credit & Get your Degree, Get access to this video and our entire Q&A library. The Comparative Advantage Theory suggests that countries who have a lower opportunity cost (giving up production of a particular good)… c. rises. A person who can produce a good at a lower cost than another person has a comparative advantage in the production of that good, and is the person who should produce it. Absolute advantage is found by comparing different producers’ a. opportunity costs. b. stays the same. When each person specializes in producing the good in which he or she has a comparative advantage, total production in the economy a. falls. Since comparative advantage is a relationship between the production of two goods and not the efficiency on absolute terms, a country will always have a comparative advantage in relation to another country. Figure 1 ractorS rubas. If each person specializes in the production of the good for which they have the comparative advantage, then (David or Tina) would specialize in the production of good Y, and (David or Tina) would specialize in the production of good X. Economics seeks to solve the problem of scarcity, which is when human wants for goods and services exceed the available supply. … Create your account. b. stays the same. as a result, Arturo gains: Table 3.3 -Jimbo has a comparative advantage over Ned in producing a good if A) Jimbo can produce more of the good than Ned can in a given time period. b. payments to land, labor, and capital. The same analysis would apply to the exchange price of coconuts. What is the absolute advantage and comparative... Inlandia and Outlandia can both produce cars of... U.S. Specialization and trade increase production and make people better off. View desktop site, Principles of Economics Multiple choice short answer plz, 3. Since Tom's opportunity cost of coffee beans is 0.4 pounds of nuts and Susan's opportunity cost of coffee beans is 3 pounds of nuts, Tom has a comparative advantage in coffee production. 3. Answer. c. rises. Terms (Hint: Calculate the opportunity cost of producing X and Y for each individual.) & b. stays the same. When each person specializes in producing the good for which he or she has a comparative advantage, total production in the economy rises. c. c. rises When each person specializes in producing the good for which he or she has a comparative advantage, total production in the economy rises This increase in the size of the economic pie can be used to make everyone better of Each person benefits from trade by obtaining a good at a price that is lower than his or her opportunity cost of that good Trade can benefit everyone in society because it allows people to specialize … b. stays the same. B) Jimbo has a lower opportunity cost of producing the good than does Ned. As a result, Arturo gained a. Comparative advantage is important for trade. star outlined. 2. This happy outcome occurs because in this society (here, just two people), each person concentrates more fully on producing those goods that each produces comparatively efficiently—that is, efficiently compared with others. c. rises. QN=2 (17723) When each person specializes in producing the good in which he or she has a comparative advantage, total production in the economy a. falls. rises: When each person specializes in producing the good for which he or she has a comparative advantage, total production in the economy. Second, workers who specialize in certain tasks often learn to produce more quickly and with higher quality. heart outlined. Tina David х Y X Y 250 0 200 0 125 62.5 100 10 0 125 0 20 would specialize in the If each person specializes in the production of the good for which they have the comparative advantage, then production of good Y, and would specialize in the production of good X. Given the following Ricardo-type table shows the... Use Barney's VRIO framework to analyze the... Absolute Advantage in Trade: Definition and Examples, What is Free Trade? See the answer. Tina David X Y X Y 150 0 200 0 75 37.5 100 10 0 75 0 20 would specialize in the If each person specializes in the production of the good for which they have the comparative advantage, then would specialize in the production of good X. All other trademarks and copyrights are the property of their respective owners. (b) the higher the opportunity cost to him of producing other goods. It is the result exclusively of Ann specializing more in fishing and Bob specializing more in gathering bananas. When someone specializes and trades his … A modern economy displays a division of labor, in which people earn income by specializing in what they produce and then use that income to purchase the products they need or want. d. may fall, rise, or stay the same. - Definition, Pros, Cons & Examples, Terms of Trade in Economics: Definition, Formula & Examples, New Trade Theory (NTT): Definition & Analysis, Specialization in Economics: Definition & Concept, Newly Industrialized Countries: Characteristics & Sectors of Production, Currency Appreciation & Depreciation: Effects of Exchange Rate Changes, Advantages and Disadvantages of Trade Protectionism, Economic Incentives: Definition & Examples, Law of Increasing Opportunity Cost: Definition & Concept, Total Cost in Economics: Definition & Formula, Trade-Offs in Economics: Definition & Examples, Circular Flow Diagram in Economics: Definition & Example, How to Calculate Economic Profit: Definition & Formula, Average Variable Cost (AVC): Definition, Function & Equation, The Market Demand Curve: Definition, Equation & Examples, Perfect Competition: Definition, Characteristics & Examples, College Macroeconomics: Tutoring Solution, ORELA Middle Grades Social Science: Practice & Study Guide, UExcel Introduction to Macroeconomics: Study Guide & Test Prep, Principles of Macroeconomics: Certificate Program, College Macroeconomics: Homework Help Resource, Introduction to Macroeconomics: Help and Review, Macroeconomics Syllabus Resource & Lesson Plans, Praxis Business Education - Content Knowledge (5101): Practice & Study Guide, Praxis English Language Arts - Content & Analysis (5039): Practice & Study Guide, SAT Subject Test Chemistry: Practice and Study Guide, ILTS Social Science - Economics (244): Test Practice and Study Guide, Political Science 102: American Government, Biological and Biomedical 4. Services, Comparative Advantage: Definition and Examples, Working Scholars® Bringing Tuition-Free College to the Community. In economics, a comparative advantage occurs when a country can produce a good or service at a lower opportunity cost than another country. ANSWER: T TYPE: T SECTION: 2 10. Then, each person agreed to specialize in the production of the good in which they have a comparative advantage and trade 260 tacos for 156 burritos. d. may fall, rise, or stay the same. Will a nation tend to export or import goods for which it has a comparative advantage. (300 huts, 60,000 bowls) and (200 huts, 80,000 bowls) 1 pound of meat and 2 pounds of potatoes and the rancher gained 0 pounds of meat and 5 pounds of potatoes. c. Total output in an economy increases when each person specializes because 1. Second, workers who specialize in certain tasks often learn to produce more quickly and with higher quality. When each person specializes in producing the good in which he or she has a comparative advantage, total production in the economy a. falls. © 2003-2020 Chegg Inc. All rights reserved. The better a person is at producing one good: (a) the worse he is at producing other goods. ANSWER: F TYPE: T SECTION: 2 11. Unless two people who are producing two goods have exactly the same opportunity costs, each will have a comparative advantage in a different good. c. rises d. may fall, rise, or stay the same. Specialization is a method of production whereby an entity focuses on the production of a limited scope of goods to gain a greater degree of efficiency. 3. Specialization and exchange allow consumption (not production) at points outside PPF. When each person specializes in producing a good at which she has comparative advantage and exchanges for other goods, they are gains from trade. When each person specializes in producing the good in which he or she has a comparative advantage, total production in the economy: a. falls. Figure 1 ractorS rubas When each person specializes in producing the good for which he or she has a comparative advantage, total production in the economy rises, and this increase in the size of the economic pie can be used to make everyone better off. When each person specializes in producing the good in which he or she has a comparative advantage, total production in the economy: Comparative advantage is the ability for one market player, usually thought of as a country, to produce a good at a lower opportunity cost than the other market player, or country. (Hint: Calculate the opportunity cost of producing X and Y for each production of good Y, and individual.) 3. 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