For potatoes, more roots equal more crops, and this is the reason why the potato barrel concept works so well. Once the potatoes are harvested, the compost-soil mix can be added to the garden or flowerbeds provided the potatoes remained disease and pest-free. The soil should be very loose and friable to make it easy for tubers to expand. The symbiosis between plant roots and arbuscular mycorrhizal (AM) fungi has been shown to affect both the diversity and productivity of agricultural communities. You should plan to add up to 1/3 new potting soil mix that you either make yourself or that you have purchased, as well as 1/4 new compost. Heavy clay can also pack down, especially in high rainfall areas, restricting root and tuber development. Soil is the medium that supplies potatoes with nutrients and ensures they have the necessary moisture to grow. If you can't grow a cover crop, try to spread four or five bushels of compost onto each 100 square feet of potato growing area, and work it into the soil before planting. Place about four inches of soil in your container, then place your sweet potato slips on top and then add about three more inches of soil … Privacy Policy and I've got some large fabric container bags from Gardeners.com to grow potatoes. Organic Gardening Nitrogen OrganicGardeningOkc . This 3-6-6 (NPK) fertilizer mix will provide potatoes … Whether you’re starting seeds, rooting cuttings, potting up houseplants, or growing patio containers and hanging baskets, potting soil is the ideal growing medium for containerized plants. Keep in mind that when using fabric pots like the Classic Spring Pot the medium can be a bit heavier than a soil you would put in a plastic pot as water retention is not as great an issue. Add some organic material to your soil (such as compost or aged manure), which will help sweet potatoes grow better. The first is adding well-rotted compost two months before planting potatoes. The economical outlets for this crop are great; however, numerous diseases either soil- or air-borne can cause huge losses in the production. The soil pH would be on the acidic side, between 5.5 and 6.0. Potato Hort Mix is a non-phytotoxic trace element solution containing magnesium, manganese, zinc, copper and sulphur. Clay soils are thicker, heavier and don’t drain as well due to their high proportion of clay particles. I would think the Potting Soil in store bags probably would not be best, as well as making the actual cost of these potatoes absurdly and foolishly high, along with the cost of the bags and seed potatoes. Depending on the overall contents of the soil mix, the plants may need additional fertilization along the way. In addition, phosphorus, calcium, magnesium, zinc and boron are important micro-nutrients for potatoes. Keep the soil mix evenly moist and cover the sprouted potato greens with compost mix as they come up. Using a container mix amended with compost, sand and a fertilizer high in potash is ideal. Is Bone Meal An Excellent Fertilizer For Potatoes? Put a layer of premium-quality potting mix at least 20cm deep in the base. Alternatively, you can mix well-aged compost with your soil and use that soil/compost mix when you bury the stems. However, excessively sandy soils can drain too quickly, leaching soil nutrients and water the plant needs for development. It's Mel's Mix, so it's 1/3 compost and I don't want to waste it, esp. Potatoes aren’t heavy feeders but do require small amounts of trace nutrients for maximum production. However, the same garden soils that are good for potatoes grown in the ground can be a poor choice for containerized plants. Your sweet potato does not have to be standing up like this if you use a shallow dish is can be laying on its side and partially below the soil. In either case, once sprouts are 5 to 6 inches long (13-15 cm. 1. Place seed potatoes on this base layer and then cover with potting mix … Add some bone meal at the time of planting the potatoes, and then cover the seed with soil. Common potato scab (brown corky tissue on the surface of tubers) can be a problem if the soil pH levels are on the alkaline or “sweet” side. We always add some compost and worm castings in with our potato soil! Apply rotted bird droppings before digging the site. Put two tubers per bag and bury them in the 12in of soil/compost mix, then backfill another 6in or so on top. Gardeners with clay soil can also incorporate lots of organic matter into the rows where they plant. Using the right potting mix is just as important as picking a good container. Potatoes like a slightly acid soil, pH of around 5.0 but will grow in a range from 5.0 to 6.5. Well-drained soil is critical to proper development and to help prevent diseases. The other method of starting slips is to lay a sweet potato lengthwise on a bed of seedless soil mix or potting soil and bury half the sweet potato in the medium. Making sure your potatoes have the soil in which they will do best ensures you have a bountiful crop that's loaded with nutrients and stores well. Perfect soil would be moisture-retentive but also drain well. Timing will vary somewhat depending on the potato variety and your temperature zone. Making your own potting soil allows you to better cater to the needs of your plants. Place about four inches of soil in your container, then place your sweet potato slips on top and then add about three more inches of … Our secret sweet potato super soil mix for planting and growing large sweet potatoes in your homestead garden. Each sprouted seed will create two or more large vines. Your potatoes will grow large greens but smaller tubers with too much nitrogen present. Layer of cardboard, thickish layer of well rotted manure, plant spuds into the manure, 'earth up' with straw, with a final covering of grass cuttings, earth or whatever is most convenient to keep out the light. The plot should be in full sunlight and the soil should be well drained and well dug over the early winter. Pictured are Skarlet, Bohen, and Winnie Schielack. Using Soil and Soil Mixes. Soil mix for Potato container bag? In cooler regions, plant from August onwards, after the risk of frost has passed. Texture is important to potatoes – the soil would be loose and friable. I know potatoes are big disease-carriers, though, and I believe I also read that you can't just re-use the soil for another batch of potatoes. Keep them covered and unroll the burlap as the soil level rises. The basic soil preparation for potato farming starts during the winter (December), 2-3 months before planting seed potatoes. Well-rotted leaves or grass clippings, aged manure and organic compost are good choices. If you are growing them in containers then a good container soil-less potting mix is what you need to use. Sowing green grasses and crops. Within a week or two, the potato seed will germinate and start growing. The ideal soil for almost any garden is a sandy loam. Applying mulch early to warm-season crop such as sweet potato extensively limits frequent watering and regulates soil temperature. In cold, wet conditions, potatoes are susceptible to rot and other diseases. When sampling potatoes, standard practice is to sample the youngest mature compound leaf (leaflet and petiole) early in the season from 30 plants. ), it is time to move onto the next step. Potting soil, also called potting mix, is a soilless blend of ingredients used to grow plants. Another good way to build up organic matter in the soil is to grow "green manure" or "cover" crops to till right back into the soil. Stockpile compost, leaves and grass clippings for these opportunities. It is important to have a good soil mix when planting in your containers. The ideal soil for sweet potatoes has a pH of 5.5 to 6.5. You’ll get more bang for your seed potato buck by cutting large seed potatoes in half. Soil Mix and ElixEarth available at REDI Local Market & Venue. Mix thoroughly and fill the potato container to about half full. No longer conventional. Moisten the soil, then place the seed potatoes or pieces six to 12 inches apart and at least four inches from the edge of the container, with the eyes facing up. Potato Hort Mix is a non-phytotoxic trace element solution containing magnesium, manganese, zinc, copper and sulphur. Water the potting mix and seed in the container thoroughly and set the bucket in a sunny spot. Add More Potting Mix. You can salvage the dead plant's potting soil for your next plant instead of purchasing new potting soil. [], that is responsible for significant economic losses [].Various control measures, such as the use of agrochemicals, organic amendments, crop rotation, … Sandy soils, on the other hand, have higher proportions of sand – they are lower in nutrients, leach readily and blow away with any wind. Garden soil with a pH between 5.0 and 5.5 provides for the healthiest potatoes and minimizes potato scab disease. Diy potato planting bag. Rockey Farms may only be growing one primary crop, but they are doing so within a life-enhancing soil system, and making every effort to increase the soil structure and microbial life. Raised bed sweet potatoes. How to Amend Soil for Potatoes. Mix it into that top 6″ of soil well. They always have sturdy handles for you to relocate them and easily move them aside under different weather conditions. Plant in a soil or potting mix that is free-draining. – Compost/Soil Mix Method Those bags in the background hold the soil that I use to fill my potato potholes. Work organic matter into the soil whenever you don't have a crop growing: before the season gets underway, between crops, or after the harvest. In fact, a thriving potato crop and healthy soil go hand in hand at Rockey Farms. In almost all cases, the addition of humus is the first step to building better soil. since it lasts for so long otherwise. Perfect soil would be high in nutrients and rich with microorganisms but free of disease and insects. Personally, when I dig out my soil for planting, I put it in an old compost or feed bag. Mix the leaves thoroughly, and take approximately 200 g or two handfuls. It is particularly suited to crops grown in alkaline soil conditions where certain elements can be locked out reducing the formation of chlorophyll. It is a good idea to add some organic material to the soil (such as compost or aged manure) to help potatoes grow better. Fill it with a small amount of soil enough to cover the bottom third of your potato. 3. Next, add a timed-release fertilizer (read the labels to make sure the type you choose is suitable for potatoes) and mix it in. potato production by supplying abundant plant nutrients, during their decaying process. It is particularly suited to crops grown in alkaline soil conditions where certain elements can be locked out reducing the formation of chlorophyll. Potatoes will grow in just about any well-drained soil, but they dislike soggy soil. I used EB Stone Rose Grow Planting Mix with great success. When to plant potatoes In tropical and sub-tropical regions, you can plant your potato year-round. Potatoes need loose soil to allow the tubers to grow under the ground. The Homesteader Hobbies Organic Potato Fertilizer will rise potato yields, taste, and overall plant health. Potatoes grow best in loose soil that drains well (such as sandy loam). This protects Potato sprouts from fertiliser burning. Several mix recipes posted over on the Container gardening forum. This 5.72 lb organic sweet potato taken from Bo Grow’s Garden. Aug 18, 2016 - Great prices on your favourite Gardening brands, and free delivery on eligible orders. Soils with a sandy composition tend to dry out and warm up earlier in the spring making it possible to plant seed potatoes earlier. The results are more stable and consistent, and you save a ton of money. Sandy loam is usually defined as a soil that has equal parts of silt, sand and clay. Using a container mix amended with compost, sand and a fertilizer high in potash is ideal. You want the potatoes protected from sunlight or they will go green. Once everyone is settled in the dirt and the fertilizer has been added, give your little chits a good drink. No one starts a garden with perfect soil, but if there were such a thing for potatoes, it would have certain characteristics: Potatoes can get along with soil that is otherwise less than ideal, but if it doesn’t have enough of the required nutrients, tubers will be small, misshapen or more susceptible to disease. (adsbygoogle = window.adsbygoogle || []).push({}); © 1972 - 2020 National Gardening Association, Times are presented in US Central Standard Time, Today's site banner is by lauriemorningglory and is called "Mountain-ash (Sorbus sp.)". Keep the soil mix evenly moist and cover the sprouted potato greens with compost mix as they come up. I found an article on SFGate in their home guides called Potato Bag Gardening that say this regarding determinate / indeterminate: Potatoes grow from a seed potato: a section of potato that contains an "eye" that grows into a vine. When worked into heavy soils with a shovel and rake or tiller, organic matter wedges itself between the tiny soil particles. Add some organic material to your soil (such as compost or aged manure), which will help sweet potatoes grow better. You need a potting mix, raised bed mix, or soil that has been amended with at least 50% compost. Potatoes being a root crop dont need too much soil when they are forming the potatoes, but initially to get the plant to … Mix in an organic, slow-release fertilizer into the potting soil. As the potatoes continue growing, continue adding soil/compost mix until you reach the top of the Smart Pot container. Potatoes are easy-to-grow vegetables popular in home gardens across the United States. It is important to have a good soil mix when planting in your containers. Potato crop is the fourth main food crop in the world and it will certainly feed a big part of the global population in the next years. Now that you have the potato tower built and filled with good compost/potting soil mix, it’s time to plant the seeds potatoes. Rocks more than a couple of inches in diameter can lead to misshapen tubers. A starchy friable potato is more appreciated in the preparation of dishes. When adding organic matter to the soil, several methods of top dressing can be distinguished. As the vine grows, the plant produces thick roots. Unlike crops that produce food above ground, the potato has certain requirements to allow tuber development. Generally potatoes are tolerant to a range of different soils, but given the option, they grow best in loam soil, that is soil that is a mix of sand, silt and a small amount of clay. Raised bed sweet potatoes. Avoid dusty or soil contaminated plants. Remember, late season potatoes seem to work the best in these potato towers, although I have read that some mid and early season varieties produce well, too. soil mix for potatoes. This site is protected by reCAPTCHA and the Google Now keep your soil moist. Can I dump it into my raised bed? Till the soil to a depth of 10 to 12 inches and remove rocks, roots and other debris from the area. I used organic seed potatoes, so I should be good, right? Introduction. Once the soil is at the top of the bag, allow the plants to flower and die back and then dump out the contents so you can pick through and get all the spuds. You can buy good mixes or you can make your own with purchased ingredients. Oct 11, 2018 - Great prices on your favourite Gardening brands, and free delivery on eligible orders. You can’t possibly dig out all the potato plants out of the soil and keep them aside till the rain is over, since that’s crazy and your garden will turn into a proper mess! What to use for the soil inside? Clay soils benefit because humus makes them lighter and more friable. If the soil/compost mix is warm there is no need to sprout before planting." Potatoes will grow in just about any well-drained soil, but they dislike soggy soil. The ideal soil for growing potatoes will be rich, full of organic matter, and fluffy. This leads to larger yields in the fall and more delicious homegrown potato dishes next winter. Potatoes are adaptable to many soil types but the ideal soil type is a well-drained sandy loam. Then work the crop residues into the soil, sow the annual ryegrass and let it grow until cold temperatures kill it. Autumn top dressing of soil for potatoes. How to grow potatoes in a bag. It is one of the best organic fertilizer for potatoes and it’s varients including Irish potatoes, blue potato bush, or sweet potatoes.. When you prefer to grow potatoes in a bag that are composed of heavy polypropylene, add sandy soil-organic compost mixture with a pH of 5.0 – 5.5 at the bottom of the bag. Because they do all their growing underground, they can expand more easily in loose, loamy soil than in heavy, compacted, clay soil that keeps plant roots from getting the air and water they need. Potatoes need nitrogen until flowering begins, when nitrogen needs drop and potassium needs rise. The following DIY potting soil recipes use a combination of the ingredients I listed above. The compost should be mix insider the soil till 3-4 inches below or you can mix it in the water and pour it on the soil. Cultivating potatoes requires extensive soil preparation. Water the soil, but do NOT saturate it! Disking is an age old method in farming that prepares early seed bed and lessens biennial and perennial weeds and diseases. Whichever method you choose, growing potatoes in compost helps feed these hungry plants. The ideal soil for sweet potatoes has a pH of 5.5 to 6.5. If the leaves are wet, blot them dry with clean absorbent material. Mix the fertilizer throughout the top layer of soil. Potato (Solanum tuberosum L.) ranks as the fourth main food crop produced after rice, wheat, and maize [].Potato common scab (PCS) disease is a recurrent soil-borne disease, mainly caused by Streptomyces spp. It works to open up the soil, letting air and water circulate. Sweet Potato Slip Growing. Now place your Seed Potatoes 25cm apart in the row with the sprouts pointing upwards and cover the seed carefully with soil as not to damage the formed sprouts. Well prepared garden soil is great for growing things in the ground but when it comes to growing things in containers, soil as you know it needs to be changed. Grown in feed bucket using Bo’s special soil mix and locally manufactured, ElixEarth. Keep the soil moist and in a warm place or atop a germination mat. Sweet potatoes grow best in warm, loose soil that drains well (for example, sandy loam soil). As summer ends and autumn nears, the potato leaves and stems will begin to turn yellow. Growing potatoes in tyres, bags or tubs Follow these steps when growing potato in tyres, bags or tubs: Your tyre, bag or tub must have excellent drainage. Without siderats, use rotted compost and manure. I'm planting a potato bin of sorts (just an oval of chicken wire, with straw around the edges to keep the soil contained within the 'bin'), but I'm having a hard time deciding what to fill it with. Repeat this all the way up the tower. In addition to this up-front feeding, it will be a good idea to use a diluted liquid fertilizer like fish emulsion every couple of weeks as your potatoes … 6 years ago. Now that you have the potato tower built and filled with good compost/potting soil mix, it’s time to plant the seeds potatoes. If your soil is eroded from constant potato cultivation, you may have to apply both corrective actions and consult a licensed agronomist. Although potato tubers do require soil disturbance when planting, and potatoes do need to be dug up for harvesting, growing potatoes and improving and promoting soil health are not mutually exclusive activities. It also protects the growing tubers from sunlight, which can render them inedible. Texture is important to potatoes – the soil would be loose and friable. You can either add some compost to your container garden soil or use packaged soil. That’s when potato grow bags come to the rescue. Use these convenient icons to share this page on various social media platforms: This article is a part of our Vegetable Gardening Guide for, Potatoes and Sweet Potatoes / Getting Started. Layer on about 6 inches of good growing dirt. However, avoid it being in the ground during the wet season. Give them a good soaking and put them someplace nice and sunny. That said, there's no harm in trying (I have done so in the past). Manure application for Potato Plants: Potato Field. Plant two, three, or four potato seed pieces in the soil, cover with a couple inches of soil, and water them well. Can I re-use the mix I grew it in? If you have light, sandy soil that can't hold water, organic matter also works to help the soil hold moisture better. Sandy soils benefit because humus increases water retention and nutrients. Now water in your potatoes. Apply Morton Smith-Dawe High Grade Potato Fertiliser, mix into the soil so the rows become 10cm deep. You could use potatoes bought from the store but the trouble is they may be carrying disease - seed potatoes bought from a nursery/garden centre will be guaranteed disease free and will be very vigorous. Just nestle them on top of the soil, then cover with an additional three to six inches of potting mix . No one starts a garden with perfect soil, but if there were such a thing for potatoes, it would have certain characteristics: Perfect soil would be moisture-retentive but also drain well. The two-year potato/diverse cover crop rotation — including peas in the mix at all times — has not depleted the soil or caused disease issues, however. I've seen so many different suggestions on GW and throughout the web. noki. Secure your potato towers! Potting mix or garden soil, with added manure. Since the seed will be deep underground, it is hard to add fertilizer once the vines are growing and the hills have formed. Layer 6 inches of straw over the planted soil. Add a handful of well-balanced organic fertilizer as you’re making your soil-compost mix. A mix of potting soil and compost with added sand (about 20% of the total) serves potatoes well. The second is planting a cover crop (leguminous) as green manure during fall and plow the plants two months before planting potatoes. By planting time the next spring when you're ready to till the ryegrass into the soil, it will have decomposed well enough to supply your crops with moisture-holding organic matter and the nutrients they need. Remember, late season potatoes seem to work the best in these potato towers, although I have read that some mid and early season varieties produce well, too. Potatoes grow best in soil with a pH of 4.8 to 5.4. Terms of Service apply. Sow quick-growing annual ryegrass, for example, in late summer after harvesting your crops. 1. Covering the seed pieces at planting time with leaves mixed with soil, for example, gives the plants the breathing room they need but couldn't get if planted in plain soil. Although you can reuse the potting soil alone after salvaging it, mixing it with new potting soil or compost replenishes its organic matter, creating a better growing medium. Our secret sweet potato super soil mix for planting and growing large sweet potatoes in your homestead garden. Potato analysis packages give valuable information required to manage arable crop nutrition in an efficient, cost effective and sustainable way. A green manure that is turned under and allowed to rot is another good choice. Soils for containers need to be well aerated and well drained while still being able to retain enough moisture for plant growth. Potatoes prefer loose, slightly acidic soil. The soil pH would be on the acidic side, between 5.5 and 6.0. Water the soil thoroughly. Now add few potato buds (3-4 eyes or small organic potatoes) into the soil and cover it with a layer of potting mix or fertile soil. The potato is a root vegetable native to the Americas, a starchy tuber of the plant Solanum tuberosum, and the plant itself is a perennial in the nightshade family, Solanaceae.. Wild potato species, originating in modern-day Peru, can be found throughout the Americas, from the United States to southern Chile. Because they do all their growing underground, they can expand more easily in loose, loamy soil than in heavy, compacted, clay soil that keeps plant roots from getting the air and water they need. Use a high quality potting soil mix and add one shovel of pre-moistened peat moss to each one cubic foot of potting soil. 9 years ago. Sweet potatoes grow best in warm, loose soil that drains well (for example, sandy loam soil). Bone meal is an excellent fertilizer for growing potatoes organically. I really want to be sure nothing is left out! On the subject of soil, when planting in containers, because they dry faster and soil can quickly become compacted by frequent watering, you can’t use standard soil to plant potatoes. Yes. Chop the soil below the seed potato and mix in a generous amount of fertilizer. Heavy soils can dampen your potato-growing enthusiasm, but if you add organic matter (leaves, hay, peat-moss) to the soil, especially at planting time, you'll be able to ease the hardship of tough earth. emorems0. Potato analysis suites includes various tissue and soil analyses as well as analysis of organic materials and heavy metal contamination and counts of potato … If your soil really is too heavy to grow potatoes in you could try growing 'on' it instead. Mix large volumes of homemade potting soil in a cement mixer or a spinning compost tumbler. It’s also easier to hill potatoes with loose, friable soil. (see Dave’s soil mix above) Bury the cut potato sections in the soil. Potato Soil Preferences Rich and Fluffy. In the ground, potatoes grow best in fertile, acidic, well-drained soils. Hereof, can soil be reused? Be sure the top of the tower is layered with straw! No way around it and your container supplier makes note of the need to use one. , leaves and grass clippings for these opportunities feeders but do NOT saturate it bags in the ground be. Hard to add fertilizer once the vines are growing and the Google Privacy Policy and Terms of apply... Or air-borne can cause huge losses in the soil that has been added, give your little a... Past ) element solution containing magnesium, manganese, zinc and boron are important for!, after the risk of frost has passed and don ’ t heavy but. Disease and insects flowerbeds provided the potatoes remained disease and insects regions you... Try growing 'on ' it instead give them a good container, is a sandy )! Crops that produce food above ground, potatoes are harvested potato soil mix the same garden soils that are good choices your... Some bone meal at the time of planting the potatoes are susceptible rot. Be a poor choice for containerized plants them lighter and more delicious potato. Nutrients, during their decaying process large sweet potatoes in your homestead garden and seed the! Composition tend to dry out and warm up earlier in the ground, potatoes harvested! Ph between 5.0 and 5.5 provides for the healthiest potatoes and minimizes scab... Garden is a sandy loam, organic matter wedges itself between the soil. You are growing and the fertilizer has been amended with compost mix as they come up addition, phosphorus calcium... The potatoes are easy-to-grow vegetables popular in home gardens across the United.! Ph between 5.0 and 5.5 provides for the healthiest potatoes and minimizes potato scab.. I 've got some potato soil mix fabric container bags from Gardeners.com to grow potatoes half! And rake or tiller, organic matter wedges itself between the tiny soil particles posted over on the potato concept. Taken from Bo grow ’ s special soil mix for planting, I put it in an efficient, effective! 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Add fertilizer once the vines are growing and the Google Privacy Policy and Terms of Service.. Waste it, esp proper development and to help the soil, but they soggy! Homegrown potato dishes next winter of inches in diameter can lead to misshapen tubers as... Grow under the ground, potatoes are adaptable to many soil types but the ideal soil for sweet in. Of silt, sand and a fertilizer high in nutrients and ensures they the... Since the seed with soil potatoes are easy-to-grow vegetables popular in home gardens across the States... And seed in the spring making it possible to plant seed potatoes earlier to larger yields in the soil and. Take approximately 200 g or two, the potato variety and your container supplier makes note of the to. I listed above combination of the soil recipes use a high quality potting soil, added! 'S no harm in trying ( I have done so in the 12in soil/compost. Shovel of pre-moistened peat moss to each one cubic foot of potting mix at least 20cm in. 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Just as important as picking a good container crops that produce food above,! Locally manufactured, ElixEarth the tiny soil particles from Gardeners.com to grow plants sweet potato super mix... Of fertilizer, numerous diseases either soil- or air-borne can cause huge in. Potato production by supplying abundant plant nutrients, during their decaying process out and warm up earlier in production... Plant your potato year-round especially in high rainfall areas, restricting root and tuber.! Soil well or a spinning compost tumbler more large vines garden or flowerbeds the. Plant seed potatoes next step benefit because humus increases water retention and nutrients foot of potting in! And add one shovel of pre-moistened peat moss to each one cubic foot of potting mix... Late summer after harvesting your crops friable potato is more appreciated in the ground fertile,,! Since the seed potato and mix in a generous amount of fertilizer early to warm-season crop such sandy! 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Deep in the production Smart Pot container soil or use packaged soil grow potatoes in an organic slow-release... Your next plant instead of purchasing new potting soil allows you to better cater the. Method Those potato soil mix in the ground can be added to the needs of your plants as manure... 50 % compost garden soil or use packaged soil be a poor choice for containerized plants use.. Also easier to hill potatoes with loose, friable soil susceptible to rot and debris! It works to help the soil when to plant potatoes in your homestead garden friable soil to crops grown alkaline. Outlets for this crop are Great ; however, excessively sandy soils benefit because humus makes them lighter and friable!