The original text was composed in Sanskrit. Sarga – This describes about the creation work of the gods. 8. The 18 main Puranas have been divided into three categories and have been named after the Deity: Brahma, Vishnu, and Shiva. It contains almost 25,000 verses. Instead, the text expresses reverence for Vishnu, Shiva, and Shakti with the same enthusiasm. Padma Purana – This Purana contains the story of Rama, Ekadasi, Bhrgu, Matsys etc. It describes Hindu cosmology and geography. There are traditionally 18 Puranas, but there are several different lists of the 18, as well as some lists of more or fewer than 18. Home 1-11. Shiva Purana contains totally 24,000 verses. It contains chapters glorifying Lord Vishnu and even more chapters glorifying Shiva. This Purana has been named after Skanda who is a son of Lord Shiva and Goddess Parvati. So, this Purana is a work that carries prophecies regarding the future. Puranas are the most important religious texts in the Bhakti Yoga tradition. Welcome to SocialVillage, the trusted social knowledge-sharing platform in India. It impartially covers all these aspects without emphasizing one particular theology. Alternatively, sanskrit to tamil verse by verse translation. All the Puranas are related to the class of Suhrit-Sammitas or the Friendly Treatises. Many of them get repeated in various puranas… There are as much as 18 main Puranas and 18 minor Puranas (known as Upapuranas). There are 18 main Puranas and an equal number of subsidiary Puranas or Upa-Puranas and many 'sthala' or regional Puranas. 17. Mahabharata was written at such a time when the Hindu religion was moving towards the concept of the Puranas. Puranas are encyclopedic and cover various topics including cosmogony, cosmology, folk tales, pilgrimages, theology, medicine, temples, grammar, philosophy, astronomy, and even the genealogies of Gods, Goddesses, Kings, Heroes, Sages, and Demigods. Many additions, omissions are there in puranas. It is a Sanskrit text of Hinduism. They have been created so that any class of men (or women) can take advantage of them and experience the compassion and greatness of God. Puranas. The earliest version of Skanda Purana existed by the 6th Century CE. Here, Sage Narada has described the duties which were practiced in the Vrihat Kalpa. It also teaches how best to attain these goals. Traditionally it is said that there are eighteen Mahapuranas and eighteen Upapuranas. It also celebrates sites and temples related to Vishnu, Shiva, Devi, and Surya. Garuda Purana includes chapters on the geography of India, its rivers, types of minerals and stones, various diseases and their symptoms, various medicines, astronomy, the basis of Hindu calendar, economy, and duties of a king, politics, and other topics. It describes various types of Yoga, Vastu Shastra, duties and ethics, the value and importance of charity (Dana), both Shiva and Vishnu related festivals, duties of a King, pilgrimage, and other topics as well. It contains Surya (Sun God) related literature. Another title for the Brahma Purana is Saura Purana as it contains many chapters related with Surya or the Sun God. The word Purana literally means "ancient, old", and it is a vast genre of Indian literature about a wide range of topics, particularly legends and other traditional lore. In their perpetual struggle of existence, human beings have forgotten their relationship with God and are overly attached to material sense gratification from time immemorial. Brahmavaivarta Purana contains totally 18,000 verses.9. Puranas (Sanskrit: पुराण Purāna, “of ancient times”) is a Sanskrit word. Now, we tell you about each of the Maha Puranas. It was written by the Romaharshana, a disciple of Vyasa belonging to Suta class. Srimad Bhagavatam teaches us devotional service to the Supreme Lord Vishnu. The Vishnu Purana by H.H. It is a Sanskrit text and forms one of the major Puranas of Hinduism. We hope that you would like to begin your religious journey with one of the Puranas. It has been estimated that the original text may have been composed between the 5th and 10th century CE. The earliest version of Skanda Purana existed by the 6th Century CE. Of the 18 major texts, six are Sattvic Puranas glorifying Vishnu; six are Rajasic and glorifying Brahma; and six are Tamasic and they glorifying Shiva. Its first part is called Brahmaparvan. The Puranas belong to the class of Itihasas (the Ramayana and the Mahabharata). Garuda Purana goes on to narrate the dialog that occurred between Lord Vishnu and Garuda, the King of Birds. Bhagavata Purana – Bhagavata Purana also explains about Lord Vishnu.Bhagavata Purana contains totally 18,000 verses.Puranas of Lord Brahma (Rajo Guna):7. These Puranas also provides the description on various activities and various Dharmas that are carried out. The Puranas contain a vivid description of the history of the Universe from creation to destruction. 18 Puranas. Moreover, it is a Purana related to Shaivism, Vaishnavism, Shaktism, and Smartism. Most popular is the Bhagavata Purana, which treats the early life of Krishna. There are many puranas: 18 major ones, hundreds of minor ones, including those restricted to a particular place (sthala-purana) or to a particular community (jati-purana). So, it turns out to be a Tirtha-focused Purana. Srimad Bhagavata Purana is regarded as the most popular Maha Purana. He is the central character in two legends, one of which is linked to Lord Shiva and the other to Lord Vishnu. The earliest Puranas, composed perhaps between 350 and 750 ce , are the Brahmanda , Devi , Kurma , Markandeya , Matsya , Vamana , Varaha , Vayu , and Vishnu . Indian Vedic scriptures – four Vedas, Upanishads and Puranas. Agni Purana – It provides the description about Isana Kalpa. Most importantly, Mahabharata is a history based mythological, religious scripture. Click on the links to read the scriptures online. It has been named after the lotus in which creator God Brahma appeared. Hari is endless, so are his stories. Moreover, all the Goddesses such as Durga, Lakshmi, Saraswati, and Savitri are said to be equivalent and incarnations of Prakriti. It has a vivid description of the details of the afterlife. Kurma Purana contains totally 17,000 verses.15. It also includes legends about Brahma and Saraswati. It also contains the description about the Salagrama. It is also loaded with theistic elements of bhakti. Linga Purana is a Shaivism text of Hinduism and the eighteen Mahapuranas. Skanda Purana is the largest Purana among all the 18 Puranas. However, it does not adore Krishna in Mathura-related section. Sage Vyasa is known to be the compiler of the Puranas from age to age. It contains almost 383 chapters. Some are dedicated to Gods, and others are dedicated to Goddesses. Linga Purana – This Purana contains the glory of Gayatri and also stories of Ambarisa. Includes mythology, theory of war, art work in temples, and other cultural topics. It consists of about 18000 verses. The text has also been referred to as the Vayaviya Purana or Vayaviya Brahmanda. However, there are about 19 main ones about to the main Hindu deities like Agni, Vayu, Vishnu, Shiva and Brahma. In Vedas, you don’t find any history. In fact, it is believed that there were approximately 64 Puranas: Typically, Puranas cover five major topics. It also includes versions of the story of Ram and Sita other than the Valmiki Ramayan. It also serves as a travel guide to places such as Kashmir, Cuttack, and Kanchipuram. It is a Sanskrit text and belongs to the Vaishnavism literature corpus praising Lord Vishnu (Narayan). However, the text has been widely edited spread over many centuries thereby creating numerous variants. The Puranas are 18 in number and in the first 6 Puranas Lord Vishnu is the predominating deity and in the next 6 Puranas Lord Brahma is the predominating deity and in the last 6 Puranas Lord Shiva is the predominating deity and all the Puranas are written in such a way that which gives wonderful explanation in a poetry manner. It is a school of thought that is much appreciated by religious scholars. It covers cosmogony, mythology, genealogy, Dharma, festivals, gemology, festivals, temples, theology, and discusses virtues and evil. Its earliest version was composed between 7th and 11th century. Srimad Bhagavata Purana teaches nine primary forms of bhakti: So, the Bhagavatam contains the essence of all Vedanta philosophy as it is related to the Absolute Truth. Padma Purana contains totally 55,000 verses4. Vamana Purana – It Contains the story of Lord Trivikrama.Vamana Purana contains totally 10,000 verses.12. asked Sep 7 at 7:16. bhatnagar prakhar. Together they contain over 400,000 verses (slokas). Mahabharata can rightly be considered as a bridge between Vedic and Puranic culture. It discusses the Four Vedas and the Six Vedangas. They offer vivid descriptions of Hindu cosmology and geography. Then there is Ramayana and the eighteen puranas. It’s a Vaishnavism text and centers around Krishna and Radha. Here, we have shown a list of some of the most popular Upanishads: With this, we have reached the end of this presentation on Puranas. Shiva Purana – Shiva Purana is the one that describes the greatness and dedicated to the Hindu god Shiva. So, Puranas have been written by many scholars under a collective name of Vyasa. However, there are about 19 main ones about to the main Hindu deities like Agni, Vayu, Vishnu, Shiva and Brahma. The Shiva Purānam asserts that it once consisted of 100,000 verses set out in twelve samhitas (books). The critical edition of Kurma Purana contains 95 chapters. Skanda Purana is the largest of the Maha Puranas. Brahmanda Purana contains totally 12,000 verses. There are in all 251 Upanishads whose text has been found. The Bhagavata Purana preaches the practice of Bhakti Yoga. Same purana is available in differnt versions in south India and North India. The Kurma Purana contains as much as 17000 verses. It’s mainly a Vishnu-related worship manual. let noble thoughts come form all sides - Rig Vedha - I - 89 - i let noble thoughts come form all sides - Rig Vedha - I - 89 - i. This part is related to “prophecy.” The fourth part of the text is called as Uttaraparvan. Religious literature such as Vedas and Puranas attempt to bring human being closer to God and re-establish their forgotten relation with God. Padma Purana contains as much as 55,000 verses. It contains chapters on Lord Vishnu and other Hindu Gods and Goddesses. The copies of Puranas available now has many controversies and there are different versions for the same puranas. Its Gita is called as Ishvaragita wherein Lord Shiva presents ideas similar to those in the Bhagwad Gita. It covers topics such as cosmology, mythology, genealogy, Manvantara (cosmic time cycles), etc. 5. All the Puranas are dedicated to certain deities. 37, pages 325-331. We welcome your comments. He is also known by different names such as Kartikeya or Murugan. It’s a compilation of different parts that have been written in a different era by different authors. By far the most famous Purana stands to be the Bhagavata Purana that narrates the childhood and early life of Lord Krishna, the eighth incarnation of Hindu God, Lord Vishnu. It even provides a short tour guide for each. The Puranas are described by the Amarkhosa. Speaks about Lord Vishnu. Garuda Purana forms a part of Vaishnavism literature corpus. And don’t forget to share the post on Facebook, Twitter, and Google Plus. sargas ca pratisarga cavamsa manvantarani cavamsanu caritam capipuranam panca laksanamThis sloka provides the five different subjects on which the description is made in the puranas. Kurma Purana – This Purana contains the conversation between the Lord Krishna and the Sun God as mentioned in the Bhagvad Gita. Vamana Purana weaves in legends and mythology. The Vedic Scriptures Index. This Purana also contains the synopsis of everything. I am now telling you the names of the Purânas, etc., exactly as 1 have heard from Veda Vyâsa, the son of Satyavati; listen. There are several Holy Scriptures of the Hindus among them are the Vedas, Upanishads & the Puranas. The Brahmanda Purana includes the Lalita Sahasranama (salutations to the divine Goddess Shakti or Durga). Moreover, the Vamana Purana serves as a travel guide to many Shiva related places in India. The presentations in the Varaha Purana focus on Varaha Avatar of Lord Vishnu. The concept of Brahman and Atman are the central ideas in all of the Upanishads. In fact, there are five characteristic features of Maha Puranas. However, according to other scholars such as Pandurang Vaman Kane, the earliest version of Matsya Purana likely dates back to 200-500 CE. The biggest highlight of this Purana is the fact that it is rare that you read any deity being invoked nor you find any deity prayers in the text. The different Puranas are: Agni (15,400 verses) – Contains details of Vastu Shastra and Gemology. It’s all about philosophy. Puranas for Lord Vishnu (Sattva Guna):1. 3. It contains the essence of all the Vedanta literature. Although it is believed that its first version may have existed in the late 1st millennium CE, its current version was composed in the 15th or 16th century in the Bengal region of the Indian subcontinent. thanks for sharing your knowledge,the articles you post are very unique and it gives us good example as how to post a great and informative article and i am happy this one is one of the rare kind and the pride of Indian mythology, Very nice and easy to understand. According to the research conducted by the famous scholar, Ramachandra Dikshitar, the first version of Matsya Purana was likely completed by about 3RD Century. It also contains the conversation between the Danvantari who is the one who cures the diseases. Linga Purana contains 11,000 verses. There are many Puranas and there are even new ones being created to this day. puranas gods. However, it should be noted that Vishnu does not dominate the text. The title Markandeya refers to an ancient sage in Hindu mythology. పురాణాలు పేర్లు వాటి సంఖ్య తెలుసా ? Sometimes also called Adi Purana, because many Mahapuranas lists put it first of 18. The text also presents Vedic ideas and metaphysical thought. It also contains the greatness of Lord Shiva. It consists of six aṃśas (parts) and 126 adhyāyas (chapters). It also includes large Mahatmya sections or travel guide to places such as Mathura and Nepal. 5. Brahma Purana – It contains the details about the Purushottama Tirtha in the second part and the details about the life and deeds of Rama and Krishna in the first part.Brahma Purana contains totally 10,000 verses.Puranas of Lord Shiva (Tamo Guna)13. Narada Purana goes on to list the major rivers of India and places of pilgrimage. Padma Purana also has sections on Yoga, Atman, Advaita, Moksha, and other topics. The difference between Upa Puranas and Maha Puranas has been explained by Rajendra Hazra as, "a Maha Purana is well known, and that what is less well known becomes an Upa Purana". It relates to one of the main cosmological theories of Hinduism, namely the “cosmic egg” (Brahma-Anda). Sûta said :-- “O best of the Munis! Varaha Purana contains as much as 24000 verses in 217 chapters. It asserts that all the Gods such as Brahma, Vishnu, Shiva, and Ganesh are the same. In fact, 60% of its chapters describe holy sites such as Godavari River region, places in and around Odisha, and even tributaries of Chambal River in Rajasthan. It contains chapters with Shiva-centered cosmology, mythology, Yoga, Tirtha (pilgrimage sites), bhakti, rivers, geography, and other topics. Puranas are dated to Gupta period by the scholars on the basis of the genealogical tables in them. Much like other Puranas, the Kurma Purana also includes legends, mythology, Tirtha (pilgrimage), geography, theology as well as philosophical Gita. The text identifies Krishna as the Supreme Reality. Varaha Purana also serves as a tourist guide to temples and sites in Mathura and Nepal. However, the date and authors of Shiva Purana are unknown. Do not include your name, "with regards" etc in the comment. Markandeya Purana contains totally 9,000 verses10. Although the text has been named after Skanda, he does not feature prominently in this text. It is one of the major Puranas that has been rendered in Sanskrit. 14. Naradiya Purana – This Purana explaning about various places and description about Jagannatha Puri, Dwaraka, Bhadrinatha and various other Places will be given. Moreover, it should be understood that Veda Vyasa is a title born by many people. Moreover, Markandeya Purana is a central text related with Shaktism tradition. They are1. There is also a sloka that gives explanation about the five different subject descriptions. Kurma Purana is regarded as the most interesting of all the Puranas. Matsya Purana – This Purana provides details about the construction of the temples and provides description about the Vamana and Varaha kalpas. Puranas (as well as the Itihas Mahabharata) contain several stories of Gods, Devatas, Asuras, great devotees, great emperors, historical events and lineages of kings, description of geographies, theories about creation and so on. We have answered some of the most important questions related to Puranas. It is a Sanskrit text and one of the major Maha Puranas. It contains narratives of heroes and demigods and even the genealogies of the kings. The Brahma Purana has also borrowed passages from other Hindu Texts such as Mahabharata and Puranas such as Vishnu and Vayu. Its Devi Mahatmya is ranked at par with the Bhagwad Gita. It has Puranic Myths, and so it falls in the Puranic category. That said major portions have been lost to history. This resource provides information on the List of the Puranas that are present in Hindu religion. The Puranas are ancient and very important religious texts belonging to the Hindu, Jain and Buddhist pantheons.These consist largely of narratives about the history of the universe and its numerous epochs or cycles from creation to destruction, genealogies of kings, heroes, sages, and demigods. It has sections on cosmology, mythology, genealogy, geography, temples, rivers and seasons, pilgrimage (notably the Brahma temple in Pushkar, Rajasthan). Agni Purana contains 15,400 verses. Along with this it also contains the description of Tarsya Kalpa and also the Vishnu Sahasra Nama. The 18 principal surviving Puranas are grouped according to whether they exalt Vishnu, Shiva, or Brahma. To practice Yoga the Brahma Purana is regarded as one of the linga Purana is regarded as the most questions... 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